Evidence-based psychotherapeutic interventions for young people with substance use disorders: a systematic literature review
Substance use disorders (SUD) are a global problem with many health and economic consequences, impacting the user, the mental health system and society at large. Over half of SUD problems begin during adolescence.
Treatment approaches and effective management frequently involve psychotherapeutic interventions, which prevents long term morbidity and mortality. Recognizing this public chealth concern and the need for more empirical based knowledge, the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) funded the ‘European Network of Individualized Psychotherapy Treatment of Young People with Mental Disorders’ (TREATme).
As part of the aims of TREATme, in this particular study a systematic review of the published literature was conducted to determine the effectiveness of specific psychotherapeutic interventions (PI) in young people (YP) with SUDs.
A systematic review on psychotherapeutic treatment outcomes for specific SUDs in YP was performed. Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed and PsycINFO following the PRISMA guidelines, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were created following PICOS model. Two independent raters carried out the ratings of the papers and final selection was made based on the inclusion criteria after reading the full texts and reaching consensus between two autonomous raters.
The systemic search generated 2135 papers, of which 577 were included for full-text review following exclusion by title and abstract. A consensus was reached that 212 papers met the inclusion criteria.
The findings from this systematic literature review advise which PI may be most effective for each SUD in YP based on research evidence.